Reflections can transform an ordinary image into something a little more artistic. Ant reflective surfaces like water ,glass and mirrors can be used. The initial observation by the viewer can be confusing at first look. This confusion draws the viewer to look at an image longer to decipher the image. This process of captivating the viewers attention and drawing them into your photo can make for a successful photograph.
Selective color is a post-processing technique where most of a photo is converted to black and white, but some parts are left in color. The reason for this is simple…sometimes it just works. I shot this image of my daughter walking down a nearby pier on a stormy day. My initial goal here was to place emphasis on the sky. However, she had this pink umbrella in the car with her and I noticed the potential for strong contrast of the “dreary” day and bright umbrella for this image. The image was originally shot in color, later a copy of the original image is made in Photoshop and processed into a black and white. Now you have two images one color and one black and white. Stack them on each other using layers placing the black and white above the color image. Now you have to “carefully” erase the black and white layer from the umbrella to reveal the color of the bottom layer below. After your done you merge the two layers into a single image.
Sometimes it isn’t necessary to fill the frame completely with the main subject. The use of “Dead Space” can have a dramatic affect in your image. In this example, the main subject is the couple on the cliff. By using a wide angle lens and including the dead space to the left of the frame, a more dramatic effect is achieved. Be careful to avoid distracting elements in the dead space. This can cause the viewer to be confused as to what the main subject is within the image.
Want to give a new photo an old look? This only works with certain subjects. In this example I shot a civil war reenactment last spring. The image didn’t have the same impact in color due to the time period they were simulating. By looking at vintage photos from the time period, I tried to simulate what the photo would have looked like if shot then. This gave the image a bit more impact. I used sepia tone and added a little film grain to get this final image.
Two types of contrast in photography are Tonal contrast and Color contrast. An example of tonal contrast would be a silhouette. The subject is usually dark against a normal background.
Color contrast works with opposing colors or near opposing colors on the color wheel. The subject, usually in the foreground will stand out better in an opposing background.
By keeping this in mind and using it in your composition you can add impact to your color photo.